Bilirubin Blood Test

The Bilirubin Blood Test is a common medical test that measures the levels of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment produced when red blood cells break down. This test is primarily used to evaluate liver function and diagnose various liver and gallbladder disorders. Here's what you need to know about the Bilirubin Blood Test:

1. Total Bilirubin

  • The total bilirubin test measures the combined levels of unconjugated (indirect) and conjugated (direct) bilirubin in the blood.
  • It provides an overall assessment of bilirubin levels in the body.

2. Direct Bilirubin

  • The direct bilirubin test specifically measures the levels of conjugated bilirubin.
  • Conjugated bilirubin is the water-soluble form of bilirubin that has been processed by the liver.

3. Indirect Bilirubin

  • Indirect bilirubin refers to the water-insoluble form of bilirubin that has not yet been processed by the liver.

4. Liver Function Evaluation

  • Bilirubin is an important marker of liver function and can help diagnose various liver diseases, such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, or liver damage.
  • Abnormal levels of bilirubin can indicate liver dysfunction or obstruction of the bile ducts.

5. Gallbladder Disorders

  • Bilirubin levels can also provide insights into gallbladder conditions like gallstones or inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis).

6. Jaundice Assessment

  • Jaundice, a yellowing of the skin and eyes, can occur due to elevated bilirubin levels.
  • The Bilirubin Blood Test helps assess the severity and underlying cause of jaundice.

The Bilirubin Blood Test is a crucial diagnostic tool for evaluating liver and gallbladder health. By measuring total, direct, and indirect bilirubin levels, healthcare professionals can identify liver diseases, assess liver function, and guide appropriate treatment plans. If you're experiencing symptoms like jaundice, dark urine, or abdominal pain, your doctor may recommend this test to investigate potential liver or gallbladder issues.

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